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Defensive Driving

Duration: One (1) day.
Course Synopsis
This workshop has been developed to explain the hazards of confined space work and to assist employers in establishing and maintaining an effective confined space program. It introduces attendees to the basic requirements and procedures involved with permit required confined spaces as described in OSHA Division 2/Subdivision J 29 CFR 1910.146, Permit-Required Confined Spaces.
Who Should Attend
This workshop targets all those who work in or have responsibility for those who work in permit-required confined spaces.
Those with prior experience in confined space entry will be an added benefit to the group as others may benefit from their valuable input.

What Will Attendants Learn?
Given the information and exercises in this workshop, attendees should be better able to:

  • Understand criteria for confined spaces and permit-required confined spaces;
  • Identify the hazards which exist in permit-required confined spaces;
  • Develop a permit-required confined space program; and
  • Develop training requirements.

Program Training Methods:

  • Theoretical Lectures (Power Point Presentations)
  • Team Participation
  • Practical Workshops.

Supporting Equipments
To effectively interact with the attendants, an LC projector, a sound system and a flip chart with markers need to be provided to the trainer. Sponsor to provide the supporting equipments.
Instruction Materials
Attendees shall receive the OSHA Division 2/Subdivision J 29 CFR 1910.146, Permit-Required Confined Space training manual.

Course Outline
Course Introduction Benefits of the course
The Traffic Safety Problem

  • Economic, human and emotional costs of driving
  • There are no "accidents" in driving
  • Almost all crashes can be avoided
  • Five leading causes of motor vehicle crashes

Factors that Influence Driver Performance

  • Attitudes, feelings and emotions
  • Making good decisions before you drive
  • Understanding the driving task
  • Ways to keep motions from taking over driving
  • Physical conditions affect driving (fatigue, stress, illness, alcohol, etc.)

Traffic Laws and Procedures

  • Merging is dangerous
  • Changing lanes properly
  • Crossing and entering traffic
  • Right of way
  • Dangers of passing
  • Exiting safely
  • Categories of traffic signs, signals highway markings
  • Turns
  • Stops
  • Railroad crossing safety
  • Evasive actions
  • Pedestrians
  • Intersections
  • Occupant restraints
  • Anatomical gifts
  • Litter prevention
  • Law enforcement and emergency vehicles

Specific Skills for Driving Situations

  • Driving in inclement weather
  • City, urban, rural and expressway environments
  • Reduced visibility conditions - hills, fog, curves, light conditions (darkness, glare, etc.)
  • Roadway conditions
  • How well can you see and stop

Physical Forces that influence Driver Control

  • Speed control(acceleration, deceleration, etc.)
  • Traction(friction, hydroplaning, stopping distances, centrifugal force, etc.)
  • Force of impact(momentum, kinetic energy, inertia, etc.)
  • Natural laws that affect driving

Perceptual Skills Needed for Driving

  • Visual interpretations/perceptions(includes setting your mirrors)
  • How you drive depends on what you see (road familiarity, distractions, tinted windows, etc.)
  • Mental and physical distractions
  • Road course test demonstrating driver reactions
  • Controlling a skid
  • Techniques for emergency lane changes, discussion and demonstration
  • Judging speed and distance
  • Paying attention to all senses while driving
  • Backing up safely

Defensive Driving Strategies

  • Trip planning
  • Evaluating the traffic environment
  • Anticipating the actions of others
  • Decision making
  • Implementing necessary maneuvers
  • Compensating for the mistakes of other drivers
  • Avoiding common driving errors
  • Interaction with other road users (motorcycles, bicycles, trucks, pedestrians, etc.)

Driving Emergencies

  • Collision traps (front, rear, and sides)
  • Off-road recovery, paths of least resistance
  • Mechanical malfunctions (tires, brakes, steering power, lights, etc.)
  • Being prepared for any emergency